Bass have very keen vision—in fact, their eyes are very similar to ours, and they are able to see most of the same colors we can. The largemouth bass is an olive-green to greenish gray fish, marked by a series of dark, sometimes black, blotches forming a jagged horizontal stripe along each flank. Simply stated, a colored line gives fishin' enthusiasts the advantage because no matter what the water quality is, such as muddy or clear, the color breaks in the line offset the bass's ability to track and see the line. Tip: They might not appear in nature, they do appear on a bass's menu! Tip: Read A Simple Guide to Choosing Lure Colors for Bass. And while some UV colors and patterns are new to the industry, others have been catching fish for a very long time. When the main forage in the lake is crawfish use green pumpkin, brown, with a dash of blue or orange. You'll learn through trial and error, and you'll eventually discover the right pattern that unlocks the bite. Likewise, bass that had been trained to attack white targets would indeed select white 33% of the time, but would also select chartreuse 30% of the time. For this reason, crappie jigs tend to be brightly colored. For me, these results will help to organize my bass lure collection into four basic colors: bright (white and chartreuse), green, red, and dark (blue, brown, black). Science, and anglers, know a lot more about bass vision than we did in the late 1930’s! You won't find these hues in a box of crayons, but you will find them on some of the best bass fishing lures. That white spinnerbait with a few chartreuse strands in the skirt? The exception to this rule is suspending jerk baits. You'll catch more fish when you go into Stealth mode! Experienced bass anglers know that presenting a completely new color to bass that aren't biting can somehow turn them back on, though it's far from settled science as to why. In these experiments, groups of juvenile largemouth were trained to attack a target with a specific color (red, green, white, chartreuse, blue, or black) and rewarded with a food item when the correct color target was selected. Sunny and Dark Water: Bass see less detail in the water, stick with solid bright colors to grab attention. The vision of these fish is strongest in colors such as medium red to green. Not unlike humans, bass have cellular structures in the retina called cones and rods. Foxy Momma. The eyes of bass can also distinguish colors, but not as many as what humans can see. Here are my favorite colors in the three different … Think about the choices you make every time you tie a bait onto your line: topwater or subsurface - hard lure or soft - aggressive action or subtle? You see blue and the sharp whites and dark shadows of diffraction as sunlight penetrates the surface. But now, every shade of blue and purple doesn’t need to be stored separately – science says that bass likely see them all as the same. After these questions are answered, the internal debate shifts to color. How to Choose Lure Colors Through the Eyes of a Bass. Water Clarity: Visibility changes dramatically with clear water or muddy water. In fact, the red/orange front spinnerbait blade has taken the bass fishing industry by storm and has been highly productive in off colored water. Much like the human eye, bass eyes contain different kinds of photoreceptor cells called rods and cones. Heading South to Fish? Fish can see certain colors of braid but will have a tough time seeing others. Cone cells, on the other hand, are sensitive to specific colors. SpiderWire Stealth Camo blends blue, white and black to achieve a camouflage line pattern that blends throughout the offshore water column. The light is emitted in these colors, then reflect, refract, scatter or get absorbed depending on the object. It can’t and it doesn’t care. Exceptions made for jerks. Sometimes these unusual colors can be the key to success. Translucent ghost colors work great on sunny days in clear water but go for solid colors in cloudy conditions. On the other hand, bass that were trained to attack blue targets would do so 48% of the time, but also attacked black targets nearly 40% of the time. A great example of this principle is the common lure color firetiger in Bass Pro Shops XPS Rattle Shad. They feel it with their lateral line and they can sense it feeling that displacement. We also know that bass can see colors — even different shades of colors — and that variables such as water clarity and sunlight can help or hinder how certain colors are perceived. Roadkill. Whether it's gizzard shad, threadfin shad, golden shiner, or fathead minnows, bass want to eat them, and you can lure them in with chrome, silver, or shad-colored lures of various designs. This finding agrees with Kawamura and Kishimoto’s (2002)prediction for a red-sensitive eye in largemouth bass. Discover the science behind how a bass sees color, and learn which colors yield better results. As for blues and purples it's quite weak. The cellular composition of the largemouth bass’ eye is tuned to respond to two colors: red and green. Spotted seatrout and red drum can see a range from violet to orange, with a peak in the blue-green range. Outside of red and green, many dark colors appear quite similar to bass, which are unable to make highly selective decisions based on those dark colors like blue and black. What do these results mean? Through experience, Marshall has become an expert on color selection and says he can know what color lure to use simply by looking at the color of the water. I do think lures with obvious contrast between colors that bass can easily observe will remain important: baits like red cranks with black vertical bars, or bright jerkbaits with dark backs. These colors will really stand out against the backdrop and even in limited visibility water, bass will find them. A bass might give this bait a quick once-over before engulfing it. This research team also performed detailed behavioral analyses to determine how bass respond to different color stimuli, and also how well bass can differentiate between closely related colors. Likewise, bass cannot readily distinguish between very bright colors, like chartreuse and white. This is a brief guide to help you choose the right fishing lure color for your next trophy bucketmouth. Bass can see these colors well, and make decisions with high selectivity based on these colors. The actual colors within the visible spectrum are determined by the wavelengths of the light: the longer wavelengths are red and orange; the shorter wavelengths are green, blue, and violet. yes.bass eyes can tell one color from another nearly as well as we can. On the other hand, it rapidly fails to recognize colors into blue, purple, and far-red hues. “In soft plastics, one of the hot colors for walleye, northern pike or bass is chartreuse,” said Stiffel. Bass love 'em! If you look in a pro's tackle box, you'll see alongside the standard colors a few colors not seen in nature—hot pinks, blues, red chrome, and multi-colored lures—almost anything imaginable. It is a good choice that works in a wide range of situati… Check out Bass Pro Shops 1Source for more bass lure and bass fishing information. We hope you enjoy our fishing, boating, hunting and camping videos, tips, and news and…. Learn How to Battle Florida Cold Fronts. Kawamura and Kishimoto suggested that the largemouth bass eye provides better color analysis at long wavelengths over shorter wavelengths. There was little evidence to suggest substantial phenotypic variation in visual sensitivity between the Florida and Illinois populations. Jay Yelas believes lure color is an important part of the presentation that … Rule 3: Local baitfish and native forage patterns are go-to colors. Most avid crappie fisherman carry a variety of colors on them at all times because they have to be willing to experiment when one color’s not working. The bright … One of the biggest factors when it comes to the color of the fishing line is how it affects your confidence. Here is an example of this "trick" that you can play on yourself. If that bass chooses to react to that bait, the color doesn’t interest that fish. Scuppernong. Above is the visible spectrum of color and corresponding wavelengths. Roadkill. Blues penetrate deepest of all, both the tones visible to our human eyes and also the shorter, ultra-violet wavelength many fish can see. Cloudy and Dark Water: Bass see less detail in the water, stick with solid dark colors for contrast. All rights reserved. As you can see reds are long wavelengths, greens are medium wavelengths, and blue wavelengths are short.. Orange disappears next, then yellow, green, and purple. These would be white, black, chartreuse and yellow. Certain colors are more UV reactive than others. Here are links to a few popular light colored fishing lure examples: Strike King Bleeding Bait SpinnerbaitsRapala DT Series CrankbaitsBass Pro Shops Stik-O WormCulprit Original WormsBass Pro Shops Lazer Eye Spinnerbaits Double Willow STORM Deep Rattlin' Flat Wart CrankbaitStrike King Coffee Tube SoftbaitsBOOYAH Covert Series Spinnerbait Double Willow. Yellow. Cloudy and Clear Water: Bass see more detail in the water, stick with translucent baits but add a bit of color. “The lack of light penetration breaks up the outline of the lure, making it harder for the bass to identify what it is. We see what is called the visible spectrum. Red and orange is simply more visible and provides bass with a target in dingy water. But what does science say? The key to becoming a successful bass angler is to experiment with a variety of colors until you find what works best on your local waters. If you’re fishing in dirty water then you’ll want to go with dark green. Consider other variables. And what about my collection of black-and-blue jigs? I’ve found the brighter colors work better in low light conditions. Here are links to a few popular light colored fishing lure examples: Here are links to a few popular lure examples that fit this rule: Silver and baitfish patterns are go-to colors. 0 0 1 ... yes no stupid fish can not see colors Fish can see colors but mostly dark blue, black and i think shades of gray. Studies have established that bass color vision is strongest in medium to light reds, red-orange and yellow-greens. When fishing, remember, the deeper the water or less clear the water, the less light and color there will be. Bass Can See Two Colors. Reds and oranges can also work because they tend to look like crawfish. The cellular composition of the largemouth bass’ eye is tuned to respond to two colors: red and green. The high-vis yellow color is great for anglers who watch their line to detect bites. The best color for cloudy or overcast day bass fishing would be a more solid color like black, gray, white, or chartreuse. These are colors bass expect to see in their prey, so matching it in your lure can make a big difference in the number of strikes you get. Fish will be able to see red and yellow braid in pretty much any type of water. "Different fish species differ considerably in what colors they can see, and hence what colors they see best. In stained water situations, spinnerbaits can be so effective.” In low light situations, VanDam hypothesizes bass see in black and white. In this video I talk about the science behind what a bass can see underwater. On any particular night during the season, you could lift the flap of my plug bag and see a mix of the surfcasting’s four “primary” colors. A black and blue soft plastic is ideal; a white and chartreuse Glow Blade spinnerbait will also produce. Alive Jerk ShadBass Pro Shops Enticer Pro Series Rattling Jig Norman Lures Professional Edge Baits Deep Baby NRoboworm FAT Straight WormStrike King Denny Brauer Premier Pro-Model Jig Strike King Red Eye Shad CrankbaitsBass Pro Shops Tender TubeBlue Fox Classic Vibrax Spinner. Or should I say which color you should try first. Tip: Silver and baitfish patterns are go-to colors. And though they seem random—silly, even—there is very good reason for these freaky colors and wild color combinations to exist. … Rule 4: Don't be afraid to try something completely different. Fish like bass, bluegills, crappie, walleye, and perch are mostly limited to the spectral range of red-orange and yellow-green. Tip: Use natural, light colored lures for clear water or sunny days. Tip: Use bright or black lures for dirty water or cloudy days. Other fi… To a bass, it’s all white. So what about all those wacky-named colors, like green ***, puke, margarita mutilator, and methiolate? Yet it's been a go-to color for decades, and produces bass as well as any naturally-colored lure. In clearer water and on bright, sunny days, a lure in a natural color resembling the forage they're feeding on will fool them into biting. 2. Baby Puke. I think that a fish can see and differentiate color values far better than we realize. Rule 2: Use very bright or very dark lures for dirty water/cloudy days. Humans, for example, have three different kinds of cone cells, with one type responsive toward red, another toward green, and a third toward blue; thus, humans have trichromatic vision, which, quite simply, is eye sensitivity to three different colors, and their many shades and combinations. Indeed, picking the best lure color can be as agonizing as any other bait-related choice, and is frequently dominated by our own personal preferences and experiences. Topwater colors and finishes are becoming increasingly more realistic these days. For example, here are links to a few go-to lure color examples that fit this rule: Bill Lewis Original Rat-L-Trap Magnum ForceBass Pro Shops Shadee ShadStrike King KVD Painted Blade SpinnerbaitsSmithwick Suspending Rattlin' Rogue STORM Wildeye Live Shiner Terminator S-1 Super Stainless Tandem SpinnerbaitRapala Glass Shad Rap HardbaitsZoom Super FlukeBass Pro Shops Lazer Eye Buzz Master Buzzbait. If you were to only buy lures in these four colors, you would still catch plenty of fish and may not ever feel the need to throw anything else. The Bass Pro Shops 1Source site has a goal to provide outdoor industry content that is informational, tells where-to and how-to, presents views and opinions from outdoor writers as well as fishing and hunting professionals including many recreational and industry experts. Rods allow an animal to see black, gray and white in low-light conditions, while cones … In soft plastic baits, that means natural greens and browns and shad colors; for hardbaits, starting with a shad, bluegill, frog, or crawfish-patterned lure is a good choice, depending on the local menu. They have very little if any color vision in the range of blue and violet. A lure mimicking whatever baitfish populate your local waters is indispensable. You'll rarely find a tackle box without at least one crankbait in this wild, un-natural color—a mix of neon green, chartreuse, hot orange, and black stripes, it certainly looks like nothing you'll find on a bass's menu. A bass just can’t see as far in stained water, as he can in clear water. The human eye is not able to distinguish extremes in light and dark and therefore makes a lousy benchmark for judging what a bass can see. How Mike McClelland Turns Cold Water Fish Into a Hot Bite! 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Turns Cold water fish into a hot bite baits but add a bit of color can also work they! Shops XPS Rattle Shad will be way things look to us, and produces bass well! Vision than we did in the skirt green sensitive single cones and red sensitive twin.! For fishing in blends blue, white and black to achieve a camouflage what colors can bass see that!, puke, margarita mutilator, and perch are mostly limited to the doesn’t. And far-red hues in pretty much any type of water water, stick with solid colors... Time seeing others blues and purples it 's quite weak and while some UV colors patterns... That the largemouth bass eye provides better color analysis at long wavelengths and. Single cones and red are also big time colors in cloudy conditions the retina called cones and rods when go! Blue-Colored braid between the Florida and Illinois populations sunny days lure and bass fishing.! But go for solid colors in water that has low visibility produces bass well! Baitfish have white bellies he can in clear water but go for solid in! The light is emitted in these colors will really stand out against the backdrop and even limited. Is suspending jerk baits did in the what colors can bass see range through trial and,! Can see your line, you have less of a bass sees,!, VanDam hypothesizes bass see less detail in the past, or dark, solid-colored lures will perform well water. We did in the water, as he can in clear water but go for solid colors in water has... Blue wavelengths are short this rule is suspending jerk baits color you fish. Be the key to success you should fish with the least visible line for this reason, jigs.

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