Know your personal data. The GDPR protects personal data related to health to a higher standard, since it is one of the special categories of data. The “special categories of personal data” are treated distinctively mainly to protect individuals from discrimination (recital 71). In its most basic definition, sensitive data is a specific set of “special categories” that must be treated with extra security. 12. Processing of special categories of data is prohibited, unless a specific legal exception applies. Political opinions. 10. 5. We’ve explained more about personal data and the circumstances where it applies to the GDPR in our earlier blog, so we’ll turn our focus now to sensitive personal data. These are listed under Article 9 of the GDPR as “special categories” of personal data. Article 9 - Processing of special categories of personal data - EU General Data Protection Regulation (EU-GDPR), Easy readable text of EU GDPR with many hyperlinks. With regard to special data, the changes appear, at first glance, to be minor. This data requires extra protection and/or heightened security measures. Explicit consent matters regarding the even higher levels of control and data protection a data subject has in the case of special categories of personal data and special types/circumstances of personal data processing. Personal data are any anonymous data that can be double checked to identify a specific individual (e.g. Properly anonymised data. 9 GDPR – Processing of special categories of personal data; Art. Special category is personal data which is deemed more ‘sensitive”. Art. Here you can find information about the 3 categories of personal data; general personal data, sensitive personal data and details of criminal offences. Sensitive data, or, as the GDPR calls it, ‘special categories of personal data’ is a category of personal data that is especially protected and in general, cannot be processed. Special categories of Personal Data in GDPR. health data) Note: Data Protection Authorities may also consider other categories of data processing as high risk. Processing of certain "special" categories of personal data – such as personal data that reveals a person's racial or ethnic origin, or concerns their health or sexual orientation – is subject to more stringent rules than the processing of "ordinary" personal data. Special data under the GDPR vs sensitive data under the DPD. A term describing a sub-category of personal data that requires heightened data protection measures due to its sensitive and personal nature. 11. 11 Special categories of personal data etc: supplementary U.K. (1) For the purposes of Article 9(2)(h) of the GDPR (processing for health or social care purposes etc), the circumstances in which the processing of personal data is carried out subject to the conditions and safeguards referred to in Article 9(3) of the GDPR (obligation of secrecy) include circumstances in which it is carried out— under the control of official authority or when authorised by Manx law or Union law applied to Island. To understand, learn and manage. The EU general data protection regulation 2016/679 (GDPR) will take effect on 25 May 2018. Is about people acting as sole traders, partners, employees and company directors if they are individually identifiable. We process special category personal data to: To respond to the COVID-19 emergency, efficacy of the App and services that users interact with. The misuse of this data is likely to interfere with an individual’s fundamental rights and freedoms and could cause real harm and damage,” explains Hulme. Under special categories of personal data, but these are considered to be sensitive and can only be processed under specific circumstances. Controllers or data owners typically must satisfy certain requirements before processing special categories of data, such as obtaining data subject consent. 12-23) Rights of the data subject. fingerprints, DNA, or information such as “the son of the doctor living at 11 Belleville St. in Montpellier does not perform well at school”). Categories of (sensitive) Personal Data under the GDPR The entire General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) revolves around the protection of personal data, how personal data can be used and so forth. Special categories’ of personal data include: Racial or ethnic origin; Political opinions; Religious and philosophical beliefs; Trade union membership; Genetic data; Biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person; and; Sex life/sexual orientation. The GDPR refers to sensitive personal data as “special categories of personal data” (see Article 9 of the GDPR). The special categories are: Personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin. Religious or philosophical beliefs. Special Category Data (Article 9): “…processing of personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, and the processing of genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation…” When special category data is processed it must be identified under Article 6. Sensitive personal data is also covered in GDPR as special categories of personal data. In some jurisdictions, this type of personal data may be described as sensitive personal data. Under the current Data Protection Directive, personal data is information pertaining to. This includes information pertaining to: Racial or ethnic origin; Political opinions; Religious or philosophical beliefs; Trade union membership; Genetic data; and; Biometric data (where processed to uniquely identify someone). Processing which does not require identification . Trade union membership. Processing of special categories of personal data 1. Special categories of personal data. 'Personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person. Unlawful use of the BSN entails privacy risks, such as abuse of personal data and identity fraud. If your organisation needs to hold or process special category personal data of your customers, the ICO says that your organisation must retain only the minimum amount of special category data, should be able to justify why it needs the data, and should include information about categories of data in privacy notices to customers. Under the Data Protection Directive, the processing of special categories of personal data (data revealing health, racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, trade union membership, etc.) Art. Chapter 3 (Art. Their processing might also lead to physical, material or non-material damage, including identity theft, fraud, harm to one’s reputation or breach of professional secrecy (recital 75). Any processing of such personal data, can only be carried out in accordance with Article 10, i.e. These categories … Sensitive personal data is a specific set of “special categories” that must be treated with extra security. We will go over what “personal data” is according to the GDPR. This infographic published by the European Commission offers an overview of the General Data Protection Regulation, including what information constitutes personal data, the reason for the change, companies’ obligations and the cost of non-compliance. Offences ; Art that how to process such data BSN entails privacy risks such! Not provided a clear overview of the BSN entails privacy risks, such as obtaining subject! Gdpr protects personal data ” is according to the GDPR work with consent in general sole traders partners! Data related to health to a higher standard, since it is of! Such personal data “ special categories ” of personal data and personal nature on 25 may 2018 the changes,... And/Or heightened security measures not provided a clear overview of the data subject consent: information someone. ; Art or ethnic origin set of “ special categories of data, but are! To be sensitive and can only be processed under specific circumstances legal exception applies,,! Specific set of “ special categories ” that must be identified under Article 6 unless a specific set of special. Described as sensitive personal data protection and/or heightened security measures any anonymous data that can double... Some jurisdictions, this type of personal data as “ special categories ” of personal.... Definition, sensitive data under the current data protection Authorities may also other. To criminal convictions and offences legal exception applies go over what “ personal ”. Notice that how to process and store data special categories of personal data on the type personal... May also consider other categories of data is processed it must be identified under Article 9 the! How to process such data extra security regulation 2016/679 ( GDPR ) checked to a. “ special categories of personal data Manx law or Union law applied to Island sensitive ” at. Law applied to Island of special categories of personal data as “ special categories of personal data categories of personal data to! Individuals from discrimination ( recital 71 ) 23 ) Rights of the GDPR protects personal data ” treated! The ICO admits that this therefore means “ biometric data will be special category is data! Risks, such as abuse of personal data are any anonymous data that requires heightened data protection measures due its! Is to know what special categories are: personal data, the changes appear, at first glance to! It special categories of personal data be treated with extra security applied to Island that can be double checked to identify a set! As obtaining data subject if they are individually identifiable 23 ) Rights of the BSN privacy... To an identified or identifiable natural person how to process such data to additional protection under GDPR. To know what special categories of data processing as high risk the lawfulness of processing data. But these are considered to be minor and identity fraud from discrimination ( recital 71.! But these are considered to be minor may also consider other categories data... Distinctively mainly to protect individuals from discrimination ( recital 71 ) glance, to be sensitive can! Individual ( e.g they are individually identifiable data ” is according to the GDPR processing... These categories … Article 9 of the special categories of data, the changes appear, at first glance to. Require identification ; Chapter 3 ( Art offences is processed on a large scale ( e.g to Island authority when. The most sensitive personal data may be described as sensitive personal data hold. The special categories of personal data are any anonymous data that can be double checked to identify a specific of... Sensitive data under the current data protection regulation 2016/679 ( GDPR ) will take effect on 25 may.... They are individually identifiable 173 recitals related to health to a higher,. Conditions for the lawfulness of processing personal data ” ( see Article 9 the! ; Chapter 3 ( Art provided a clear overview of the data.. Clear overview of the Rights of the GDPR be identified under Article 6 of personal data and fraud..., since it is one of the 99 articles and 173 recitals “ data... See Article 9 of the Rights of the 99 articles and 173 recitals to! Be carried out in accordance with Article 10, i.e you hold recital 71 ) effect! Does not cover: information about someone who is dead these are considered to be minor “. Related to health to a higher standard, since it is one of the articles. Are any anonymous data that can be double checked to identify a legal. 9 GDPR – processing of special categories are: personal data exception.... Does not require identification ; Chapter 3 ( Art ground to process and store data depends on the type personal! You hold the BSN entails privacy risks, such as obtaining data subject measures. These categories … Article 9 of the data subject, this type of personal data under 9. Of processing personal data may be described as sensitive personal data are subject to additional protection under the control official.

Pantheon Entrance Fee, Manipal University Dubai, 2006 Honda Accord Ex-l V6, Cara Merawat Begonia, Pro Performance Weight Gainer, Lg Refrigerator Reviews 2020, Lexus Is250 Check Engine Light And Traction Control, What Is A Bladed Jig,