Plymouth had created its own form of government in 1620 through the Mayflower Compact, the first written governmental framework in the New World. Apart from local laws the British government also passed some laws for the colonies. He is the author of "The Everything American Presidents Book" and "Colonial Life: Government. Others were fed up with wars and rebellions that went on in Europe and made it unstable. In 1620 a second group of colonists, the Pilgrims, left England on the Mayflower. Farmers in the south saw a chance to earn a lot by gro… original 13 USA colonies, founders of the original 13 colonies, dates the original 13 colonies were founded, Wealthy families sent older children back to Europe to study at colleges and universities. He was able to get a charter for his colony in 1643, and it became a royal colony under King Charles II in 1663.Â, Under the colony charter, England appointed the governor, but the freeholders elected an assembly. The colony was named after the English king, James I. The colony was known for having religious freedom. In 1776 the 13 colonies declared their independence from Great Britain . 13 Colonies Founders This interactive page provides biographical information on nine important "founders" in Colonial America including John Smith, John Rolfe, Christopher Newport, Lord Baltimore, William Penn, Thomas Hooker and more. All tax-paying freemen could vote. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. ", Whoisjohngalt / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 4.0, Worlidge, John/Library of Congress/Public Domain, Print Collector/Getty Images / Getty Images, Founding and History of the New Jersey Colony, The Founding of North Carolina Colony and Its Role in the Revolution, Essential Facts About the South Carolina Colony, The Founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, The First New World Voyage of Christopher Columbus, La Navidad: First European Settlement in the Americas, The Second Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Check Your Knowledge: A 'New World' Discovered, Governments of the Original Thirteen Colonies, Quick Chart of the Thirteen Original Colonies, Check Your Knowledge: Original 13 Colonies, The Root Causes of the American Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: Dissent Turns to Revolution, Check Your Knowledge: American Revolution Begins. Year Founded = Identify the year the colony was founded. When the British defeated the French they gained control of Canada and the land east of the Mississippi. Some early colonial governments foreshadowed elements that would be found in the U.S. government after independence. Click on a founder below to learn more! He was ordered to return to England but joined the Narragansetts instead and founded Providence. Over time, colonists became frustrated with this unfair economic system and with Britain's administration of taxation of the colonies without any accompanying representation in Britain.Â. RHODE ISLAND: Roger Williams. They collected new taxes from the colonists and made them trade with Great Britain alone. Not all people had the same rights. Only people who paid taxes and owned land had the right to vote in an assembly. Other English colonies sprang up all along the Atlantic coast, from Maine to Georgia. Virginia. Delaware was founded as a colony in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. They wanted peace and a quiet life. Most of the settlements were located in the southern part of the colony. Answer the multiple choice questions by using the interactive map. Using the red books provided if necessary, compare the reasons for colonizing the areas in your assigned region (New England, Middle, and Southern colonies). In 1624, Virginia became a royal colony when James I revoked the charter of the bankrupt Virginia Company. In 1752 Georgia became a royal colony, and the British Parliament selected its royal governors. Frederick Stone Batcheller/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Conflicts arose between the English and the French colonists who founded settlements in Canada, in the St.Lawrence Valley, along the Mississippi River and around the Great Lakes. In fact, for a time, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. At first the Indians were friendly. Maryland was the first proprietary government, which means that the proprietor had executive authority. Sep 3, 2014 - Thirteen Original Colonies Map - Primary Worksheet - Free to print (PDF file). The first colony was called Jamestown, situated in today’s Virginia. William named the capital of his colony as Philadelphia. Economic and political reasons - The Dutch colony on the Hudson separated New England from the other English colonies and threatened British rule in North America. They wanted peace and a quiet life. In some colonies people had to be a member of a religion in order to have the right to vote. A very important man is William Penn. When New Hampshire gained its independence from Massachusetts Colony in 1741, the government of New Hampshire included a governor, his advisers, and a representative assembly. After European explorers had sailed up and down the Atlantic coast of North America English, Dutch and French settlers followed in the 17th and 18th centuries. The chart below provides additional information including the years of settlement and founders of each. 13 mini-flapbooklets to record information on the Who, When, & Why for each of the 13 colonies; Colonies Chart and 3 fact-based passages on colonies {NEW!} The early leaders of the 13 colonies included: MASSACHUSETTS: William Bradford - Massachusetts Bay. Start studying Thirteen Colonies Chart. Penn set up the colony to allow for religious freedom. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature. The first colonies in North America were founded on the eastern coast. The territory was called Jersey and divided into two parts: East and West Jersey. 13 Colonies - Pilgrims vs. Puritans - Reading and Comparison Chart - This 5 page resource relates to the 13 Colonies of American history and centers on the similarities and differences between the Pilgrims and the Puritans in early 13 Colonies history. As time went on immigrants from other countries brought their religion with them and spread their beliefs across the colonies. There were many great leaders and important people in the middle colonies. By the year 1702 all 13 American colonies had some form of state-supported religion. Williams was president of Rhode Island's general assembly from 1654 to 1657.Â. Below are excerpts from colonial era founding documents citing these religious references. Complete the chart by defining and analyzing each item. Many different religious groups came up all along the eastern coast. American colonists were very religious people. In 1636, the first university, Harvard, was founded in America. After 1701 Delaware was given the right to its own assembly, but they continued to share the same governor. By a royal charter in 1691, Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony were joined together to form the Massachusetts Colony. Description: This awesome map allows students to click on any of the colonies or major cities in the colonies to learn all about their histories and characteristics from a single map and page! All colonies had a governor who was chosen by the English king. The 13 Original U.S. Colonies . 10. England 13 Colonies Population About 12,000,000 About 2, 800,000 Money Very wealthy, established nation with a treasury New government with very little money Industry Developed and growing industry Almost no industry Military Large, well trained army with mercenaries too Volunteer forces that were poorly equipped Leaders Many well-trained officers Teaching Social Studies Teaching Resources Teaching Ideas William Bradford Political Freedom 13 Colonies … James, the Duke of York, gave Delaware to William Penn in 1682, who said that he needed the land to secure his own colony of Pennsylvania. Leader/Founder = Identify the Founder of the Colony or the Leader put in place by England to rule the colony At that time, New Hampshire was known as the Upper Province of Massachusetts. This helped to set a model and precedent for representative government in the other colonies. They led many wars, which cost a lot of money. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. The colony of New York was originally part of the Dutch colony of New Netherland founded in 1609 by Peter Minuit, which became New Amsterdam in 1614. Colonists had many reasons for leaving Europe and coming to the New World. Start studying The Leaders of the Thirteen Colonies. In 1732, the 13 colonies were complete. They believed that all people were equal in front of God. Some only had a small area of farming land in Europe and expected to get bigger farms in America. Some historians believe that this written constitution was the basis for the later U.S. Constitution. Many European kings and queens forced their people to have the same religion that they had. The Tea Act 1773 (13 Geo 3 c 44) was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain.The principal objective was to reduce the massive amount of tea held by the financially troubled British East India Company in its London warehouses and to help the struggling company survive. They set up a colony at Plymouth, in today’s Massachusetts. The government included a governor and a representative legislature with popularly elected officials. Pennsylvania Colony was a proprietary colony founded after the Quaker William Penn was awarded a charter by King Charles II in 1681. New York (1626) - Originally founded by the Dutch. The Thirteen Colonies Here is a list of the thirteen colonies with the year they were founded in and a note on how they were founded. There were two houses: one of the freemen and the second consisted of the governor and his council. The new United States of America was born. Massachusetts 1620 1629 William Bradford John Winthrop Male church members who owned property could vote Religious freedom for Pilgrims and Puritans (Separatists) 2. At first, the two colonies were joined and shared the same legislative assembly. The Connecticut colony was founded in 1636 when the Dutch established the first trading post on the Connecticut River, part of a movement of people who left the Massachusetts Bay Colony to find better land. American colonists were not represented in British parliament. Back to History for Kids It took months for news and laws to get there. They taught the colonists how to grow crops and survive the harsh winters. In the 18 th century more and more colonists arrived in the New World. North and South Carolina began as one colony called Carolina in the 1660s. Name_____ Date_____ Period_____ Chapter 4: The Thirteen Colonies Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. At the time, King Charles II gave the land to eight lords who had remained loyal to the king while England was in a state of civil war. Connecticut 1635 Thomas Hooker Fundamental Orders of Connecticut Religious and political freedom – Thomas … Massachusetts. Nearly all the colonies were founded by the English . The American colonies were farming land. As the colonies were established throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, the population grew immensely, starting at just 2,000 people and rising to over 2 million. When the first Europeans came to America Indians had already been living there for many centuries. In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. The first factories appeared in the Middle Colonies. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. Another important person is captain Henry Hudson who discovered the Hudson river. The British government decided that the colonists should help pay for this war. Another group thought it was easy to make money and get rich quickly in America. Saved by Kelly Butler. The two colonies separated in 1719. On these plantations colonists grew tobacco and other products which they sold to England and other colonies. About forty years later English settlers drove the Dutch away and renamed the town New York. A related objective was to undercut the price of illegal tea, smuggled into Britain's North American colonies. PD-Art (PD-old-auto)/Library of Congress/Public domain. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. Because the American colonies were very far away from Great Britain they often had to solve their problems alone. The first colonists hoped to find gold in the New World and to get rich quickly. Saved from images.search.yahoo.com. Thirteen Colonies Chart Colony Year Founded Leader/Founder Government Reasons Founded New England Colonies 1. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at The Thirteen Colonies. Connecticut Europeans defined natural resources as things made by nature that humans know how to use. In New England farms had little land but in the southern colonies farms were much bigger. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at The Thirteen Colonies webquest print page. A large number of diverse settlers gathered there. People were very religious in the American colonies. In 1662 Connecticut became a royal colony.Â, Rhode Island was created in 1636 by religious dissenters Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson. 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